Water Maintenance

The Water Maintenance Division is the support branch of the Water Department and is responsible for the maintenance of approximately 200 miles of water main throughout the Community. It has two basic duties: one is to provide a clean, constant supply of water to home and businesses, the other is to provide a high-pressure supply of water for fire protection. In order to carry out these duties, it has many water conveyances it must maintain.

Water Mains

These are made of several materials, the most common being cast iron. They are subject to leaks and breaks due to stress, corrosion and changes in water pressure because of seasonal demand. These breaks and leaks have to be pinpointed, dug up and repaired. A new material, ductile iron, shows great promise in eliminating such problems.

Valves (or Gates)

These are located in various locations, usually one or two blocks apart, and are used to isolate certain areas for repair or construction. These are subject to corrosion of bolts and packing and must be periodically dug up and repaired.

Water Services

These supply water from the water main to the house. These, also, are made of different materials with copper being far superior. Copper services require little, if any, maintenance. Galvanized iron services, eventually, rust out and must be replaced. Services made of lead are a health hazard and should be changed.


Royal Oak has over 1,400 Hydrants of different ages and brands located, strategically, throughout the City. These suffer from vandalism, automobile accidents and aging, which must be repaired or dug up and replaced. The Fire Department, also, monitors their condition; malfunctions are then reported to the Water Maintenance Division.
1954 photo of Well House No. 1 located at 4715 Cooper.